Harper's Weekly 07/01/1905


Electricity at Home and in
Business


(Continued from page 945.)

clothes are boiled in electric boilers, washed
in electric washing-machines, wrung in cen-
trifugal wringers driven by electric motors,
and ironed either by electrically driven man-
gles or by irons heated individually by
electric current or on an electric stove.
Many of these appliances are now available
for the householder of modest means, and
electrically driven family washing-machinery
is thought an important agency of relief in
many homes, especially those where cheap
electricity is available. While the kitchen
may or may not be equipped with electric
ranges, yet there are electric plate-warmers
for the pantry, and from the chandelier of
the dining-room may drop a conductor bring-
ing current to an electrically heated chafing-
dish, thus doing away with the dangers and
inconveniences attending the use of alcohol.
If the kitchen belongs to a large establish-
ment or to an up-to-date hotel, club, or res-
taurant, we may see many interesting ap-
plications of electricity. A special motor
drives the ice-cream freezer, while another
chops the meat. The dishes are washed in
electrically driven machines, while the knives
are cleaned and burnished on special wheels.
If it is desirable to escape from the tyranny
of the iceman and to have dry clean air in-
stead of moisture for the preservation of
food, an electric ice-plant may be installed,
and these are even constructed of such small
size as to be available for families, being
automatically controlled by electric ther-
mostats, which maintain a constant tempera-
ture. This is accomplished by automatically
stopping and starting the motor actuating
the compressor and pumps by which the am-
monia is condensed. The expansion of this
substance through a system of pipes produces
the desired low temperature.



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